Tag Archives: white goddess

An American Spirit, An American Epic Published

by Thomas Davis

On January 1, 1975 I was working as a teacher at the Menominee County Community School when the Menominee Warrior Society took over the Alexian Brother’s Novitiate in Gresham, Wisconsin. Ethel and I were living in the Gresham trailer park at the time, and on January 2, a Monday, I drove into work as usual. I was a little nervous about taking my usual route down County Road VV since the news about the Novitiate was dominating local media and the old building was not far off my route, but I was pretty dedicated to the Community School and had no intention of missing work.

Sure enough, as I drove toward the Menominee County line, men in uniform, holding rifles in their hands, were blocking the road ahead of me. I remember a lot of snow on the ground, and it was cold. January in northern Wisconsin can be brutal. I drove up to where the men were standing, stopped, rolled down the window, and, after a conversation of several minutes, convinced them I was a teacher on my way to work. The men were tense and nervous and that was obvious in their questioning of me.

By that evening the Novitiate takeover dominated television and print news all over the world. However, other events were brewing in Shawano County where the Novitiate was located that would not make news until later. The Posse Comitatus, conspiracy minded, anti government, anti Semitic, white supremacist Christians, was beginning to stir and develop as an armed militia force, and even a cult with a mysterious origin was preparing to form a compound on land purchased not far from the old Menominee Reservation’s borders.

Four Windows Press has just released an epic poem that blends these, and other elements present in Shawano County from those momentous times, into an epic story. An American Spirit, an American Epic is a fictional poem. I worked hard to avoid portraying any real individual, even though I knew several of those who took over the Novitiate, in a story that rages with reality and magic, blending all the elements of Shawano County and the Novitiate takeover into a massive river of events told in traditional iambic pentameter meter. But there are powerful truths woven out of the heart of where we are at in American society today in the story.

The Editor of a small literary journal in Stevens Point, Wisconsin published two brief passages from the epic in Hepcat’s Revenge in April of 1995.   Just before the passages appeared Timothy McVeigh bombed the Oklahoma Federal Building, giving warning of what was about to become a significant thread in American life. In his commentary on the passages he published, the Editor said that An American Spirit was prophetic. He also commented that there were a lot of pages of strong poetry. Given events such as the deadly Charlottesville riots and President Trump’s racist attitude toward American Indians, it’s difficult to avoid the prescience of the Editor’s judgment.

I have not published the epic before now partially because I was reluctant to self-publish it and partially because I have always wondered if it would be more controversial as a work of art than I wished to face. There are so many questions about it in my head. This is the only R rated work of literature I have ever written. The Posse Comitatus still exists under another name, and the epic does not treat them well, as is appropriate, and I used a lot of American Indian content derived from books noted in the footnotes. Should a non-Indian author do that? I have worked for the Indian controlled schools and tribal colleges and universities movements most of my life. The wisdom of American Indian culture is deep and wonderful, but it is their culture and belongs only to each tribe’s unique ethos.

The truth is that even though the epic is available through amazon.com, I do not intend to market it aggressively like I do my other books. I believe it explores the American spirit in a way that it should be explored. American society is not a melting pot where races, ethnicities, and political identities are blended into a single whole. Rather, it is a complex explosion of identities played out inside the great pageant of history that is always becoming an uncertain future. Conflict and resolution stir in surprising and unexpected ways, giving Americans an identity that is never static, but spins its forces in ways threatening the continuance of the natural world and even human beings who depend upon that world for existence.

The magic elements of the epic are derived from two main sources, although other sources can be found in the body of the poem. Many of the magical allusions are drawn from the Old or New Testament of the Holy Bible. American society for a large part of its history up until the current day has been a culture imbued with the Christian religion. However, in counterpoint to Christianity, the also epic explores the power of the feminine and fertility based upon the tenants of the White Goddess of Celtic lore and other ancient symbols of female power. The conflict between the father dominance and the fall out of the Garden of Eden and the powers of Mother Earth has long seemed to me to be a ferment helping to define current day American society.

Even though, I admit, I am hesitant to invite comments from those who read An American Spirit, An American Epic, I hope those who are willing to delve into its pages feel free to tell me what they think. This is one of the major works, written a long time ago, of my life. I need to steel myself for whatever reception it does, or does not, receive.


Filed under poems, Poetry, Published Books, Thomas Davis

The Time of the Poetic Spirit’s Splitting

a double sestina by Thomas Davis

The wind was blowing shards of shining ice
That crystallized from fog steamed off the ground
Into air bright with sun, but biting cold,
A day so weird it had the monk think twice
Before he left his cottage by the sound
To walk toward the rendezvous—more bold
Than he had ever felt inside his heart.
The forest seemed alive in ways not real,
The trees alive to Taliesin’s song
As if the Lord had let His truths depart
The earth and leave to bards His rightful zeal,
Their ballads making land and men all wrong.

Inside a meadow’s snow-dressed cold, the wrong
The monk saw made the gathered bards, as ice
And mist caked beards with frost, chant out a song
Rejoicing in the Goddess: Earth-weird zeal
Alive in thrumming songs said twice, then twice
To kindle memories the monk’s hard heart
Would bury in the dead earth’s frozen ground
And freeze into a death so harsh and real
That women’s wombs, and fields, would grow so cold
The Mother’s moon would lose its glow, depart
Into a past alive with songs still bold
Enough for poems and chants and sacred sound.

Bernard was joined by other monks, the sound
They made while walking soft. They faced the wrong
Inside the day composed, their courage bold
Enough to face the coming conflict twice
If that would save a single human heart.
Beneath their feet the shards of mist-born ice
Kept rising as they marched downhill, the ground
As treacherous as trees that bristled cold
And tried to force their courage to depart
And let them shun the bards and ancient song
Conceived to drain their spirits of their zeal.
Inside the mist they felt half-made, not real.

The head bard, Gwion, knelt and felt how real
The marching monks were, reached for sacred sound
With strength enough to move the winter’s heart
And let the Goddess stir the tree sap with her bold,
Sure hands and cause the mist and trees to twice
Take steps toward the monks so hearts so wrong
Revering Him, their God, would turn, depart
Back to their foreign lands, and let the ground
The Goddess blessed blow past the winter’s cold
And let the blood of women stir the zeal
Of men so that the grip of monk-born ice
Would melt in passion’s fertile, earth-bed song.

Bernard, beneath his breath, sang hymns, his song
A bulwark thrown at mist that seemed too real
To be just mist, the trees too vital, bold,
To be just trees. The forest sang, “Depart,
Depart!” But, spirit-deep, he fought the ice
That seemed to grip the world and held his ground
And marched, the light inside his hymn-filled heart
So strong he could have faced the chief bard twice
And fought against the weirding of the cold
Toward God’s victory against all wrong
So that the earth could revel in the sound
Of angels singing songs of faithful zeal.

As Gwion felt the rising tide of zeal
Inside the monks, his voice grew deep, his song
Rang out as poetry, as wildly bold
As epics sung to make bad times depart.
The bards behind him sang words softly twice,
A harmony as varied as the ground
That rises into hills and mountains, heart-
Horizons of the Mother, sun and ice
And men and women’s flesh all glory—wrong
The business of the monks whose sense of real
Was twisted by the holy words whose sound
Fell like a hammer on men’s hearts made cold.

Above the bards the brown-cowled monks walked cold
And stronger than they should have been as zeal
Flowed from the bards to monks then back as heart
Contested with another’s heart, the real
Of two realities contesting wrong
That trembled like two great, blue cliffs of ice
About to crash and cascade over ground
Into an eon where men’s souls depart
Into a purgatory void of sound,
Of poetry or hymns, where spirits bold
Enough to sing lost knowledge blessed by song
Have lost their love and spirit, losing twice.

“Begone! Begone!” the great bard said. “It’s twice
I tell you that this land has naught but cold
And grief for those without the Mother’s song.
Her people have, with spirits long made bold
By trees and runes and moon and sacred sound,
The will to tell you that you must depart
Before the triple breasted Goddess swirls the ice
Into great warriors fearless in their heart.”
Bernard heard base apostasy and wrong
And walked toward the bards, his eye’s bright zeal
A lightning bolt so fierce and burning-real
He thought the bards would fall, dead, to the ground.

The bards stopped chanting; Gwion rose from ground
And motioned, gravely shook his gray head twice.
The youngest bard stepped forward, made a sound
So pure his words sparked bright as sun-struck ice.
A shimmering of air danced with the cold
And, in a moment, real no longer real,
The trees reached deep into each monk’s stout heart
And changed to sensual women: Songs depart
Lithe bodies from tree’s bark, and other song
Strikes longing deep into the monks’ strong zeal
And challenges their sense of right and wrong.
The nymphs are beautiful and bold.

Bernard began to pray, his heart once bold
With courage drawn from years on holy ground
Now shaken by the bard’s nymphonic song.
He felt the stirring spring defeat the cold
And soothe his feet and hands and felt the real
Of living life as simple man shed ice
Off earth and thunder in his beating heart.
He swooned toward the poet’s silver sound
And felt his fervor from his soul depart
As if the cock had crowed his song just twice
And summer’s warmth had snatched away the zeal
That let him know seduction as a wrong—

But deep inside Bernard he felt the wrong
And grasped, with spirit strong, eternal, bold,
Sweet Christ hung sorely on the cross, the real
Of God come down to earth, a blessing twice
As strong as bardic songs. He forced the cold
Of winter down into his bones, forced sound
Of holy hymns into his voice, and roared his song
So loud it made the bard’s sweet voice depart
Into the glistening of sun on ground.
Around him, shining with the light in ice,
He felt triumphant, rising waves of zeal,
And felt his faith flood back into his heart.

The Chief Bard felt a sinking in his deepest heart.
The day was lost; the world had turned all wrong.
The monks were stronger, speaking words so bold
They stunned the Goddess with their fiery cold
And leached the magic from poetic song.
His spirit burdened, fiery in his zeal,
Unbroken by the day, the Goddess near him real,
A saddened Gwion walked a circle twice,
Then walked away from ice and cold, hard ground.
He did not see the chastened monks depart
Or see the Goddess walk in white on ice.

And so our spirits in this distant day depart
From wars long lost from any sense of real,
And in our songs the Goddess spring-time song
Runs silver through our days of youthful heart.
Bernard’s strong voice still prays, his spirit twice
As strong as weakness that he feels—the ground
Of warriors facing visions in the ice
Still clothed with fiery words of human zeal.
I sing of poets cloaked in spring-time’s sound,
Of glory, hope, and not of human wrong.

Note: When John Stevens and Nick Moore inspired me to write a sestina, a form I believed up to that point too difficult to attempt, I ran across the double sestina developed by Algernon Charles Swinburne (1837-1909), The Complaint of Lisa. Ethel asked me why I would attempt a form close to impossible, if it was like the idea of climbing Mount Everest, but I had no answer. The narrative itself is based on the time when Christianity first came to Celtic lands and owes part of its content to Robert Graves (1895–1985) and his dense book, The White Goddess. For those interested, the meter is iambic pentameter, but line endings, which end with the same words and are rhymed in different patterns, are too complex to map out here.


Filed under Poetry, Thomas Davis